USS Borum (DE-790) was a Buckley-class destroyer escort of the United States Navy, named in honor of Lieutenant (junior grade) John R. Borum (1907–1943). Borum was launched on 14 August 1943 by Consolidated Steel Corp., Ltd., Orange, Texas; sponsored by Mrs. W. H. Ferguson, wife of Commander Ferguson; and commissioned on 30 November 1943, Lieutenant Commander J. K. Davis, USNR, in command.
Borum spent her entire World War II service in the U.S. Atlantic Fleet. Until March 1944 she served as an escort vessel along the east coast and in the Caribbean, as well as a training vessel in Chesapeake Bay. She departed New York 8 March 1944 for the British Isles to train for the coming invasion of Europe and to escort convoys between British ports. From 6 to 22 June 1944 she screened the convoys carrying troops and supplies from Britain to the Normandy beachhead.
For most of the next year Borum helped blockade the Channel Islands and protect the shipping headed for Cherbourg and Le Havre, France. She assisted British forces in their liberation of the Channel Islands.
Borum departed Europe in June 1945 and, after a short period as a training vessel in Chesapeake Bay during July, she prepared to join the U.S. Pacific Fleet as a high-speed transport (APD-82).Following the Japanese surrender her orders were canceled and she reverted to training duty with submarines operating out of New London, Conn., and then acted as plane guard for Croatan (CVE-25) and Solomons (CVE-67). In January 1946 she joined Escort Division 4, but on 28 March began inactivation at Charleston Naval Shipyard. She arrived at Green Cove Springs, Florida, on 29 April and was placed out of commission 15 June 1946.
During the month of August, September & October 1944 the USS Borum was attached to the Eleventh Amphibious Force (Task Force 123).
Operations during this period consisted of patrols in the Channel Islands Area. These were offensive patrol, and were performed in conjunction with units of the Motor Torpedo Squadron 30, 34 and 35 and with various destroyers of the Royal Navy. The purpose of these offensive patrols was to deny the enemy communications between the Channel Islands and Isle de Cezembre, and the mainland of France. Another task was to attack and destroy enemy shipping detected in the area, engaged in inter-island shipping.
August 1 - August 10
On August 1, proceeded from Western Assault Area, France to Plymouth, England for ten days availability. During this availability period, the ship was dry docked in HM Dockyard, Plymouth, England, for repairs to starboard propeller. On August 10, joined convoy EDC 67 as escort, as ordered by Commander-in-Chief, Plymouth, during passage to Western Assault Area.
Underway as before as escort for convoy EDC 67, destination Western Assault Area, France. At 14:29 detached from duty as escort, anchored in Cherbourg, France. At 18:57 underway in company with PT's 504, 506, 502 for offensive patrols in the Channel Islands Area. Lieutenant Commander Peter Scott RNVR, was embarked in this vessel for temporary duty as vectoring officer to direct PT's in the event of enemy contact. On station at 00:13, August 12, eight miles due west of Jersey. PT's disposed to NE and WE of this vessel. At 02:00 shore batteries on JErsey opened fire on this ship. Enemy shipping was detected at this time, the PT's were vectored in to attack, believed they damaged one enemy vessel, probably on M-class minesweeper.
Four men wounded on PT's, PT506 damaged, was towed by this ship to cherbourg, France, at daylight. No damage was suffered by this ship. At 15:20, anchored in Cherbourg. Casualties sent ashore for medical attention. At 21:48 underway for Patrol off Cherbourg to act as part of the area anti submarine and anti E-Boat screen.
August 13 - August 14
At 09:09 August 13, relieved from anti-submarine and anti E-Boat patrol, anchored in Cherbourg. At 17:23 underway in company with PT's 498 and 512 for operations in Channel Islands Area. At 22:12 rendezvoused with HMS Saumarez, HMS Onslaught, PT's 505 and 510. Saumarez and Onslaught will operate in support of this ship and four PT's for the night operations. At 23:09 enroute to night station in company with PT's. At 23:15 enemy ship detected, vectored PT's to attack at 23:33. Saumarez and Onslaught attacked enemy convoy with gunfire after PT's had completed their attack and retired. This ship under fire from shore batteries on JErsey evasive tactics used, no hits scored.
August 14 - August 21
This period occupied in patrolling in the area generally south of Guernsey and west of Jersey. In daytime, various British destroyers were occasionally in company in this area at night, BRitish destroyers and various PT boats operated in cooperation with this ship. No enemy activity was observed during this period.
August 22 - August 24
At 20:07, August 22, rendezvoused with HMS Grenville and four PT's to obtain orders for nights operations. At 20:10, Jobourg Radar Station sent report of radar contact of target between Guernsey and Jersey. While proceeding to close the report position, shore batteries on Guernsey opened fire on this vessel, range 16,000 yards. This ship made evasive manoeuvres at various speeds to avoid shore battery fire. No hits. Radar contact previously reported by Jobourg Radar Station was never picked up by this vessel, PT's were ordered to retire and join this vessel. Thereafter, patrolling as before, no enemy activity noted.
August 25 - August 29
On station as before. At 16:40 one B-26 aircraft observed to crash at sea as a result of Anti-Aircraft fire from Guernsey. At 17:59, while lying to at range 20,000 yards from Jersey, bringing aboard survivors of plane crash from the ships boat , one 3 gun salvo was fired at this ship from Jersey shire batterie. No hits, range was opened up promptly. Four crew members were rescued from the crashed plane, and sent to Cherbourg via PT boats Morning of August 26. At 21:26, August 26, shifted patrol to station 10 miles baring 130 true from isle de Cezembre, St Malo France. This patrol established in order to deny communications between that island and the Channel Islands.
August 30 - August 31
At 08:55, August 30, relieved by USS Maloy (DE791), took departure for Plymouth for six day availability granted by CTF125. Moored in Tamar River, Plymouth, ENgland, at 20:35, August 30.
"Needless exposure of the ship to enemy shore batteries was prohibited" is added to the mission.
September 1 - September 5
Moored in Tamar River, Plymouth.
September 6 - September 8
On September 6, departed Plymouth for Channel Islands, via swept channels. On arrival, assumed assigned patrol station.
On station, position 18 miles baring 000 from Les Hanois Light, Guernsey. At 14:41 changed speed to flank, proceeding to vicinity USS Maloy (DE791) which ship, also on patrol, made contact with enemy ships proceeding from St Helier, Jersey to St Peter port, Guernsey. At 15:24 shore batteries on Guernsey opened fire on this Vessel. Evasive manoeuvres undertaken, no hits received. Three near misses resulted in superficial damage to the ship, but effectiveness was not impaired. Two men wounded, later transferred to USS Maloy for transportation to US Naval Hospital, Cherbourg. This ship resumed station upon report from USS Maloy that enemy ship had gained the sanctuary of St Peter port. Enemy contact was not made by this ship.
September 10 - September 23
On station as before. No enemy activity noted.
September 24 - September 30
On September 24, departed Channel Islands for Plymouth, England for six days availability. At 19:38 September 24, moored in Tamar River, Plymouth for availability.
At 06:55, underway from mooring in Tamar River, Plymouth, on completion of availability, for operating area. At 16:15 anchored in Cherbourg Harbour, France, awaiting orders.
At 12:03 underway, at 17:48 relived USS Maloy on Tuna patrol, Channel Islands patrols.
October 3 - October 9
Patrolling as before. No remarks.
October 10 - October 12
At 10:08 October 10, changed station to Flounder Patrol, which is on East West line. At 19:40 October 12, relived by USS Maloy, took departure to Cherbourg France, for fuel.
At 07:03, Entered cherbourg Harbout for Fuel. At 13:12 underway for Tuna Patrol.
At 02:17 on Station, patrolling as before. At 14:00 ;eat station, underway for Morlaix, France to send ashore for medical treatment three men injured because of weather. At 20:02 underway from Morlaix, returning to Tuna patrol.
October 15 - October 23
At 00:55, October 15, on station. Patrolling s before. No remarks.
At 22:25 relieved by USS PC617, took departure for Cherbourg, for fuel.
At 08:20 anchored in Cherbourg Harbour, for Fuel. At 18:02, underway as directed, assumed Bonita patrol, Channel Islands patrols. Bonita is East from Alderney.
October 26 -October 31
Patrolling as before, Bonita station. No remarks.