Jersey War Tours



2./HKAR 1265 Batterie Ludendorff


Situated in Fields close to St Ouen's Church and Scout hall. The Observation position was built on St Ouen's Mill and some of the ammunition shelters were been modified as nuclear monitoring stations for the cold war. There were three Anti-Aircraft weapons (3.7c, Flak 37) and three 21 cm Mörser 18 guns in open emplacements. Some of the emplacements can still been seen today. The Batterie was manned by 130 soldiers.


3 x 21 cm Mörser 18


The Guns

Specifications

Designer: Krupp
Manufacturer: Krupp
Produced: 1939–45
Number built: 711+
Weight: 16,700 kg (36,817 lbs)
Barrel length: 6.51 m (21 ft 4 in) L/30
Shell: separate-loading cased ammunition (6 charges)
Shell weight: 113 kg (249 lb) (HE)
Caliber: 211 mm (8.30 in)
Breech: horizontal sliding block
Recoil: dual-recoil hydropneumatic
Carriage: box trail
Elevation: -6° to +70°
Traverse: 16° on wheels / 360° on platform
Muzzle velocity: 550 m/s (1,804 ft/s)
Effective firing range: 11miles



Gun Emplacement 1
Batterie Ludendorff, 360 of one of the Three 21cm Morser 18 howitzers emplacements. It had a 11 mile range - Spherical Image - RICOH THETA

Gun Emplacement 2
Post from RICOH THETA. - Spherical Image - RICOH THETA



Forward Observation Tower
The German Forces had the Mill at St Ouen converted to a forward observation tower for Batterie Ludendorff.





Exploring bunkers:

  • Always get permission from the owner
  • Take a torch, a spare and one more for luck
  • Don't go alone & tell someone where you will be and for how long
  • You will get dirty as most are often full of rubbish and may have been used as a public toilet
  • Anything you find still belongs to the person that owns the property
  • Unexploded ordnance is still found in Jersey if you see or find anything that looks like ordnance please call the bomb disposal officer on 01534 612 612.

Jargon Help

Resistance Nest (RN) = Widerstandsnest (WN)
Small pocket of resistance, these would be made up of small groups of up to 10 men with light weapons. They would man Anti-tank weapons, an observation post or a field gun.

Strongpoint (STP) = Stützpunkt St.P
Next level up from an RN and consisted of several RN's. STP areas would have a combination of weapons and different branches of the military used. Examples of this can be found with Strongpoint Greve de Lecq and Strongpoint Corbiere

Jäger Casemate was a special design and name for bunkers designed to hold a 10.5cm field gun

Sources of Information
German Documents are housed at The National Archived in Washington
T-78 Roll 318
T-78 Roll 317
B-833, 319th Infantry Division (1941-45)



Jersey Occupied by Michael Ginns
ISBN 978-1-905095-29-2

RAF Photos care of The National Collection of Aerial Photography

Bundesarchiv
Multiple Photos

JWT onsite visits & internet research










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